committee at the conference of European Posts and Telecommunications Administrations
(CEPT) conceived Pan-European Cellular Mobile Radio System in 1982. The committee
aimed to achieve four main goals.
Provision of cellular services, which provide more functionality than analogue
Provision of new capacity to alleviate capacity shortage in metropolitan analogue
To develop, through Pan European Co-operation, a pool of technological expertise
which would enhance Europe's ability to compete with US and Japan.
To forward the European Commission's goals of universal telecommunications standardisation
and access in Europe thus opening up markets on the scale of the US.
working party called Groupe Speciale Mobile was tasked with the development of
the standards. The standard that has emerged from this group has become widely
known as GSM. In 1989 GSM was transferred from CEPT to the European Telecommunications
Standards Institute (ETSI). CEPT however continues to provide a forum for European
Development over the years lead
to a digital system using Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA). This was known
as Primary GSM (P-GSM), which was split between two operators Cellnet and Vodafone
in the UK. In response to a perceived future demand for even more capacity, P-GSM
spectrum was extended to form E-GSM. At a late stage in GSM development the existing
technology was modified to meet the need for PCN networks. This is known as DCS
1800 and is mainly used by One2One and Orange in the UK. The DTI agreed to release
more spectrum in the DCS 1800 range for dual-band operation in the UK. This allowed
GSM 900 operators such as Cellnet and Vodafone to establish a system using both
900Mhz and 1800Mhz frequencies. This brought major advantages by offering additional
network capacity, but required dual band handsets. However the DTI also increased
spectrum available in the UK for the two DCS 1800 operators One2One and Orange.